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PostPosted: Wed Nov 18, 2020 11:09 am 
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Darius_inscrip1.jpg [ 437.35 KiB | Viewed 8 times ]

This is an ancient trilingual inscription on a hillside near the tomb of Persian king Darius the Great (Darius I) in Naqsh-e Rustam, the necropolis (city of the dead) 4 miles northwest of Persepolis, Iran. Written in ancient Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian, the inscription records the title of an official who was close to the royal court.
Darius_inscrip2.jpg [ 71.07 KiB | Viewed 8 times ]

Unfortunately, his name has not been preserved.
Another trilingual inscription from Iran, the Behistun Inscription, helped scholars crack the cuneiform script in the early 1800s.
Behistun2.jpg [ 253.01 KiB | Viewed 8 times ]

Also written in ancient Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian, the Behistun Inscription by King Darius did for cuneiform what the Rosetta Stone did for Egyptian hieroglyphs.
Scholars were able to first decipher the cuneiform of the ancient Persian part of the inscription and use that to make sense of the Elamite and Babylonian portions.

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